Champagne is a fermented sparkling drink. A sparkling wine developed by a method known as "champanoise", characteristic of the Champagne region, located in the northeast of France. In general, it is a white wine, though we can also find varieties of rose champagne.
This type of beverage is closely attached to all kind of celebrations: sports, birthdays, weddings and even launching of ships. The highlights of this wine are the peculiarities in its sample. For instance, the harvest is done by hand (mechanized harvesting is prohibited); and it also shows a special blend of different grapes. It is a sparkling wine and, furthermore, the only one in which white and red wines could be mixed. Deppending on its swetness, champagne can be brut nature, extra brut, brut, extra sec, sec, dami-sec and doux or sweet.
The method to produce champagne has two phases. The first is similar to the one is done with the rest of wines. The wines are kept in barrels and left to be fermented. In the second stage, wines are moved into a bottle, where sugar and yeast are added to boost fermentation. In this second fermentation, sediments are produced. To remove them is customary to place the champagne bottles upside down, at an angle of 45 degrees. During the next few weeks, the bottle will be turned around gradually, a quarter each time, to push the accumulation of sediments to the cap.
Once the scheduled time for the end of settling is done, is time to freeze the bottle's neck. The cap is uncorked and the wine's gas itself will be responsible for expelling the frozen fringe, where all sediments are concentrated. When the sediments have been removed, the liquor is poured into the champagne and the bottle is re-sealed with a special cap.
in alphabetical order
List of Champagnes: